Foster children, mostly maltreated in their birth families, may be fostered by parents who know little about the impact of traumatic experiences. This study provides evidence that training in trauma-informed parenting can be effective in improving foster parents’ knowledge on the impact of traumatic experiences and in increasing a positive mental representation of their foster child as well as in reducing children’s post-traumatic symptoms.
Sense of coherence (SOC) has been associated with resilience to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and seems to be a promising factor in primary prevention of PTSD in high risk populations. The present study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Dutch revised Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-R) in a sample of N = 527 firefighters.
This exploratory study indicates that resting oxytocin and glucocorticoid receptor feedback sensitivity early posttrauma are associated with subsequent PTSD symptom severity. Notably, prognostic effects depended on sex and hormonal contraception use, emphasizing the necessity to consider these factors in biomedical PTSD research.
This study is the first to investigate the latent network of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms. Results suggest that both latent symptom dimension and associations between the dimensions should be considered in future PTSD studies and clinical practices.
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and the severity and time course of OCD symptoms within a clinical sample of OCD patients (N = 68). The authors hypothesized that higher levels of childhood maltreatment in OCD patients would be associated with higher symptom severity and worse treatment outcomes.
Direct exposure to natural disasters is associated with increased mental disorders. Help-seeking behavior among Chinese adults is low and the barriers and facilitators of help-seeking among Chinese adults exposed to natural disasters is understudied. Using a person-centered approach, this study describes help-seeking preferences and their correlates in a sample of Chinese college students after experiencing Typhoon Hato, the strongest storm to affect Macao, China in the past 50 years.
The aim of this study was to systematically review costs-of-illness studies and economic evaluations of therapeutic treatment for PTSD, and to assess their quality.
The diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) differ between DSM-5 and ICD-11, which may affect the estimation of prevalence. The aim of this study was to investigate the concordance of ICD-11 and DSM-5, as compared to ICD-10 and DSM-IV, regarding PTSD caseness among Japanese people who had experienced different potentially traumatic events.
This brief report presents a review of prolonged exposure (PE) therapy and its feasibility as a trauma therapy for PTSD in LMICs. First, we present a brief overview of PE as a first-line treatment for PTSD. Second, using South Africa as a case example, we present a brief overview of traumatic stress in South Africa and how mental healthcare has developed since the abolishment of apartheid in 1994. Lastly, we discuss the challenges pertaining to the dissemination and implementation of PE in LMICs and propose future perspectives regarding the implementation of ESTs such as PE in LMICs.
Caregivers play a key role in the success of trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy (TF-CBT). Yet, the effect of their alliance on treatment outcomes besides the other parties in treatment has hardly been studied. This study examined the working alliance (WA) of therapists, patients and caregivers in TF-CBT and its contribution on treatment outcome over time.